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Internal transport barrier triggering by rational magnetic flux surfaces in tokamaks

MPG-Autoren
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Conway,  G. D.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Gude,  A.
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Günter,  S.
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Maraschek,  M.
Experimental Plasma Physics 2 (E2), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Peeters,  A. G.
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Pinches,  S. D.
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Joffrin, E., Challis, C. D., Conway, G. D., Garbet, X., Gude, A., Günter, S., et al. (2003). Internal transport barrier triggering by rational magnetic flux surfaces in tokamaks. Nuclear Fusion, 43(10), 1167-1174. doi:10.1088/0029-5515/43/10/018.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-3A9B-5
Zusammenfassung
The formation of internal transport barriers (ITBs) has been experimentally associated with the presence of rational q surfaces in both JET and ASDEX Upgrade. The triggering mechanisms are related to the occurrence of magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities such as mode coupling and fishbone activity. These events could locally modify the poloidal velocity and increase transiently the shearing rate to values comparable with the linear growth rate of ion temperature gradient modes. For JET reversed magnetic shear scenarios, ITB emergence occurs preferentially when the minimum q reaches an integral value. In this case, transport effects localized in the vicinity of zero magnetic shear and close to rational q values may be at the origin of ITB formation. The role of rational q surfaces in ITB triggering stresses the importance of q profile control for an advanced tokamak scenario and could assist in substantially lowering the access power to these scenarios in next step facilities.