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Experimental characterization of coherent, radially-sheared zonal flows in the DIII-D tokamak

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Hallatschek,  K.
Centre for Interdisciplinary Plasma Science (CIPS), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

McKee, G. R., Fonck, R. J., Jakubowski, M. W., Burrell, K. H., Hallatschek, K., Moyer, R. A., et al. (2003). Experimental characterization of coherent, radially-sheared zonal flows in the DIII-D tokamak. Physics of Plasmas, 10(5), 1712-1719. doi:10.1063/1.1559974.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-3C4E-3
Abstract
The application of time-delay-estimation techniques to two-dimensional measurements of density fluctuations, obtained with beam emission spectroscopy in DIII-D [J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)] plasmas, has provided temporally and spatially resolved measurements of the turbulence flow-field. Features that are characteristic of self-generated zonal flows are observed in the radial region 0.85 ≤ r/a ≤ 1.0. These features include a coherent oscillation (approximately 15 kHz) in the poloidal flow of density fluctuations that has a long poloidal wavelength, possibly m = 0, narrow radial extent (krρI<0.2), and whose frequency varies monotonically with the local temperature. The approximate effective shearing rate, dvθ/dr, of the flow is of the same order of magnitude as the measured nonlinear decorrelation rate of the turbulence, and the density fluctuation amplitude is modulated at the frequency of the observed flow oscillation. Some phase coherence is observed between the higher wavenumber density fluctuations and low frequency poloidal flow fluctuations, suggesting a Reynolds stress contribution. These characteristics are consistent with predicted features of zonal flows, specifically identified as geodesic acoustic modes, observed in 3-D Braginskii simulations of core/edge turbulence.