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Observations of the turbulence in the scrape-off-layer of Alcator C-Mod and comparisons with simulation

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Hallatschek,  K.
Centre for Interdisciplinary Plasma Science (CIPS), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Terry, J. L., Zweben, S. J., Hallatschek, K., LaBombard, B., Maqueda, R. J., Bai, B., et al. (2003). Observations of the turbulence in the scrape-off-layer of Alcator C-Mod and comparisons with simulation. Physics of Plasmas, 10(5), 1739-1747. doi:10.1063/1.1564090.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-3C50-C
Abstract
The intermittent turbulent transport in the scrape-off-layer (SOL) of Alcator C-Mod [I.H. Hutchinson, R. Boivin, P.T. Bonoli et al., Nucl. Fusion 41, 1391 (2001)] is studied experimentally by imaging with a very high density of spatial measurements. The two-dimensional structure and dynamics of emission from a localized gas puff are observed, and intermittent features (also sometimes called "filaments" or "blobs") are typically seen. The characteristics of the spatial structure of the turbulence and their relationship to the time-averaged SOL profiles are discussed and compared with those measured on the National Spherical Torus Experiment [M. Ono, S. M. Kaye, Y.-K. M. Pong et al., Nucl. Fusion 40, 557 (2000)]. The experimental observations are compared also with three-dimensional nonlinear numerical simulations of edge turbulence. Radial profiles of the poloidal wave number spectra and the poloidal scale length from the simulations are in reasonable agreement with those obtained from the experimental images, once the response of the optical system is accounted for. The resistive ballooning mode is the dominant linear instability in the simulations. The ballooning character of the turbulence is also consistent with fluctuation measurements made at the inboard and outboard midplane, where normalized fluctuation levels are found to be about 10 times smaller on the inboard side. For discharges near the density limit, turbulent structures are seen on closed flux surfaces.