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Experimental / theoretical comparisons of the turbulence in the scrape-off-layers of Alacator C-Mod, DIII-D, and NSTX

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Hallatschek,  K.
Centre for Interdisciplinary Plasma Science (CIPS), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Terry, J. L., Zweben, S. J., Rudakov, D. L., Boedo, J. A., Hallatschek, K., Maqueda, R. J., et al. (2003). Experimental / theoretical comparisons of the turbulence in the scrape-off-layers of Alacator C-Mod, DIII-D, and NSTX. In Fusion Energy 2002. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-3C52-8
Abstract
The intermittent turbulent transport in the scrape-off-layers of Alcator C-Mod, DIII-D, and NSTX is studied experimentally. On DIII-D the fluctuations of both density and temperature have strongly non-Gaussian statistics, and events with amplitudes above 10 times the mean level are responsible for large fractions of the net particle and heat transport, indicating the importance of turbulence on the transport. In C-Mod and NSTX the turbulence is imaged with a very high density of spatial measurements. The 2-D structure and dynamics of emission from a localized gas puff are observed, and intermittent features (also sometimes called “blobs”) are typically seen. On DIII-D the turbulence is imaged using BES and similar intermittent features are seen. The dynamics of these intermittent features are discussed. The experimental observations are compared with numerical simulations of edge turbulence. The electromagnetic turbulence in a 3-D geometry is computed using non-linear plasma fluid equations. The wavenumber spectra in the poloidal dimension of the simulations are in reasonable agreement with those of the C-Mod experimental images once the response of the optical system is accounted for. The resistive ballooning mode is the dominant linear instability in the simulations.