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Observation and characterization of radially sheared zonal flows in DIII-D

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Hallatschek,  K.
Centre for Interdisciplinary Plasma Science (CIPS), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

McKee, G. R., Fonck, R. J., Jakubowski, M. W., Burrell, K. H., Hallatschek, K., Moyer, R. A., et al. (2003). Observation and characterization of radially sheared zonal flows in DIII-D. Invited papers from the 30th European Physical Society Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, A477-A485. doi:10.1088/0741-3335/45/12A/031.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-3D1E-7
Abstract
Zonal flows, thought crucial to the saturation and self-regulation of turbulence and turbulent transport in magnetically confined plasmas, have been observed and characterized in the edge region of DIII-D plasmas. These flows exhibit temperature scaling characteristics and spatial features predicted for geodesic acoustic modes (GAMs), a class of higher-frequency zonal flows seen in nonlinear simulations of plasma turbulence. The zonal flows (GAMs) have been observed in the turbulence flow-field in the radial region 0.85 ≤ r/a ≤ 1.0 via application of time-delay-estimation techniques to two-dimensional measurements of density fluctuations, obtained with beam emission spectroscopy. Spatial and temporal analysis of the resulting flow-field demonstrates the existence of a coherent oscillation (approximately 15 kHz) in the poloidal flow of density fluctuations that has a long poloidal wavelength, possibly m = 0, narrow radial extent krρi < 0.2), and a frequency that varies monotonically with the local temperature. The approximate effective shearing rate, dvθ/d r, of the flow is of the same order of magnitude as the measured nonlinear decorrelation rate of the turbulence. These characteristics are consistent with predicted features of zonal flows, specifically identified as GAMs, observed in three-dimensional Braginskii simulations of core/edge turbulence.