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Journal Article

Real-time control of internal transport barriers in JET


Dux,  R.
Experimental Plasma Physics 4 (E4), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Mazon, D., Litaudon, X., Moreau, D., Riva, M., Tresset, G., Baranov, Y., et al. (2002). Real-time control of internal transport barriers in JET. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 44(7), 1087-1104.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-40E3-C
We present the results of recent experiments related to real- time control of internal transport barriers (ITBs) in JET. Using a simple criterion to characterize the ITB existence, location and strength, we have successfully controlled for the first time the radial electron temperature profile within the ITB. The dimensionless variable used in the real-time algorithm-ratio of the ion gyroradius to the local gradient scale length of the electron temperature-is a measure of the normalized electron temperature gradient and characterizes satisfactorily the main ITB features with a relatively low computational cost. We show several examples of control of this variable in various experimental conditions of toroidal field and plasma current, using different heating systems as control actuators. We also present a double-loop feedback scheme where both the global neutron rate from D-D reactions and the ITB strength are controlled simultaneously. In this case the ITB is sustained in a fully noninductive current drive regime during several seconds. With the proposed control method, disruptions are avoided by holding the plasma performance at a prescribed target and this opens the route towards stationary operation of tokamak plasmas with ITBs. Initial results suggest that the additional control of the current profile is an important issue for achieving steady-state operation, in particular in the triggering and the sustainment of the ITB.