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High ß plasmoid formation, drift and striations during pellet ablation in ASDEX Upgrade

MPS-Authors
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Müller,  H. W.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Dux,  R.
Experimental Plasma Physics 4 (E4), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Kaufmann,  M.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;
Experimental Plasma Physics 3 (E3), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Lang,  P. T.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Lorenz,  A.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Maraschek,  M.
Experimental Plasma Physics 2 (E2), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Mertens,  V.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Müller, H. W., Dux, R., Kaufmann, M., Lang, P. T., Lorenz, A., Maraschek, M., et al. (2002). High ß plasmoid formation, drift and striations during pellet ablation in ASDEX Upgrade. Nuclear Fusion, 42(3), 301-309.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-4150-0
Abstract
The ablated material of a frozen hydrogen isotope pellet which is injected into a hot tokamak plasma forms a high beta plasmoid. This diamagnetic plasmoid is accelerated to the magnetic low field side of the torus. The high beta plasmoid drift was directly observed by an optical diagnostic with high space and time resolution. Spectroscopic measurements of the emitted light allowed the density and temperature of the ablation cloud, and for the first time also of the drifting plasmoids, to be determined. The experiments give a new insight into the dynamics of the formation of striations during the pellet ablation; these striations cause the separation of the ablated material into a sequence of separated, drifting plasmoids. The influence of the drift on the mass deposition profile for high field side pellet injection is discussed. The plasmoid dynamics even influences the radial pellet motion, most probably owing to a rocket effect. The physical principles of the high beta plasmoid drift are discussed and compared with the experimental observations.