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Journal Article

Electron cyclotron radiative transfer in fusion plasmas


Engelmann,  F.
Office of the Director (DI), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Albajar, F., Bornatici, M., & Engelmann, F. (2002). Electron cyclotron radiative transfer in fusion plasmas. Nuclear Fusion, 42(6), 670-678.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-4164-4
The radiative transfer in a system at local thermodynamic equilibrium is investigated on the basis of the solution of the (geometrical optics) transfer equation, accounting for the non- local nature of the radiative process due to both re-absorption of the emitted radiation and reflectivity of the walls of the system. The specific case of the electron cyclotron (EC) radiation in a cylindrical fusion plasma with specularly reflecting walls for which an analytical solution can be derived, is addressed and, in particular, the radial profile of the net power density radiated is evaluated by making use of an improved expression for the EC absorption coefficient. A detailed numerical analysis, carried out by varying both the wall reflection coefficient and the radial profile of the plasma temperature. reveals that a reversal of the net power density profile can occur on the plasma outboard for sufficiently high wall reflectivity. From a comparison with bremsstrahlung radiation profiles it is apparent that a local treatment of EC power emission is needed for sufficiently hot plasmas as expected, e.g. in the so-called advanced regimes of DT tokamak reactors. Furthermore, an exact approach is used to check the accuracy of approximate EC net power density profiles as calculated with the CYTRAN code showing that the latter provides a globally reasonable approximation. Evaluating the total EC radiated power from the exact local approach shows that its scaling with the reflection coefficient is very well described by a scaling following from a recently established global model for the EC radiation. which improves the well- known Trubnikov scaling. The results obtained are discussed in view of their possible relevance to affecting the plasma temperature profile.