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Spin-resolved low-energy and hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of off-stoichiometric Co2MnSi Heusler thin films exhibiting a record TMR

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Ouardi,  Siham
Siham Ouardi, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Chadov,  Stanislav
Stanislav Chadov, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Fecher,  Gerhard H.
Gerhard Fecher, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Felser,  Claudia
Claudia Felser, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Fetzer, R., Ouardi, S., Honda, Y., Liu, H.-x., Chadov, S., Balke, B., et al. (2015). Spin-resolved low-energy and hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of off-stoichiometric Co2MnSi Heusler thin films exhibiting a record TMR. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 48: 164002, pp. 1-12. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/48/16/164002.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0026-CB06-A
Abstract
Half-metallic Co2MnSi-based Heusler compounds have attracted attention because they yield very high tunnelling magnetoresistance (TMR) ratios. Record TMR ratios of 1995% (at 4.2 K) are obtained from off-stoichiometric Co2MnSi-based magnetic tunnel junctions. This work reports on a combination of band structure calculations and spin-resolved and photon-polarisation-dependent photoelectron spectroscopy for off-stoichiometric Heusler thin films with the composition Co2Mn1.30Si0.84. Co and Mn are probed by magnetic dichroism in angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy at the 2p core level. In contrast to the delocalised Co 3d states, a pronounced localisation of the Mn 3d states is deduced from the corresponding 2p core level spectra. The valence states are investigated by linear dichroism using both hard x-ray and very-low-photon-energy excitation. When a very low photon energy is used for excitation, the valence bands exhibit a spin polarisation of about 30% at the Fermi energy. First principles calculations reveal that the low spin polarisation might be caused by a spin-flip process in the photoelectron final states.