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Ischemic injury in experimental stroke depends on angiotensin II

MPG-Autoren
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Mies,  Günter
Multimodal Imaging of Brain Metabolism, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for Metabolism Research, Managing Director: Jens Brüning, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Walther, T., Olah, L., Harms, C., Maul, B., Bader, M., Hortnagl, H., et al. (2002). Ischemic injury in experimental stroke depends on angiotensin II. FASEB Journal, 16(2), 169-176.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0026-D64F-3
Zusammenfassung
Copyright 2002 by FASEB
Since pharmacological interactions of the renin-angiotensin system appear to alter the neurological outcome of stroke patients significantly, we examined the effect of elevated levels of angiotensin II and the role of its receptor subtype AT1 in brain infarction in transgenic mice after focal cerebral ischemia. Angiotensinogen-overexpressing and angiotensin receptor AT1 knockout mice underwent 1 h or 24 h permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The current study revealed a much smaller penumbra size, i.e., brain tissue at risk, in angiotensinogen-overexpressing animals compared with their wild-type subgroup after 1 h MCAO, butanenlarged infarct size after 24 h. In contrast, a smaller lesion area of energy failure and a much larger penumbral area were found in AT1 knockout mice compared with wild-type litter-mates. Lower perfusion thresholds for ATP depletion and protein synthesis inhibition after MCAO in AT1-deficient mice and reduced cell damage in an in vitro model using embryonic neurons of AT1 knockout mice suggest injury mechanisms independent of arterial blood pressure. Our data, therefore, demonstrate a direct correlation between brain angiotensin II and the severity of ischemic injury in experimental stroke.