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Journal Article

Direct observation and control of hydrogen-bond dynamics using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy


Kumagai,  Takashi
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Kumagai, T. (2015). Direct observation and control of hydrogen-bond dynamics using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy. Progress in Surface Science, 90(3), 239-291. doi:10.1016/j.progsurf.2015.04.001.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-5FC6-6
Hydrogen(H)-bond dynamics are involved in many elementary processes in chemistry and biology. Because of its fundamental importance, a variety of experimental and theoretical approaches have been employed to study the dynamics in gas, liquid, solid phases, and their interfaces. This review describes the recent progress of direct observation and control of H-bond dynamics in several model systems on a metal surface by using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). General aspects of H-bond dynamics and the experimental methods are briefly described in chapter 1 and 2. In the subsequent four chapters, I present direct observation of an H-bond exchange reaction within a single water dimer (chapter 3), a symmetric H bond (chapter 4) and H-atom relay reactions (chapter 5) within water–hydroxyl complexes, and an intramolecular H-atom transfer reaction (tautomerization) within a single porphycene molecule (chapter 6). These results provide novel microscopic insights into H-bond dynamics at the single-molecule level, and highlight significant impact on the process from quantum effects, namely tunneling and zero-point vibration, resulting from the small mass of H atom. Additionally, local environmental effect on H-bond dynamics is also examined by using atom/molecule manipulation with the STM.