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A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces

MPS-Authors
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Magerl,  Elisabeth
Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

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Cavalieri,  Adrian L.
Attosecond Dynamics, Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Extreme Timescales, Condensed Matter Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;

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Bothschafter,  Elisabeth M.
Attosecond Dynamics, Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Physik Department E11, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Straße, 85748 Garching, Germany;

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Stanislawski,  Michael
Attosecond Dynamics, Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

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Uphues,  Thorsten
Attosecond Imaging, Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons60572

Hofstetter,  Michael
Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Fakultät für Physik, Am Coulombwall 1, 85748 Garching, Germany;

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Kleineberg,  Ulf
Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Fakultät für Physik, Am Coulombwall 1, 85748 Garching, Germany;

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Krausz,  Ferenc
Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Fakultät für Physik, Am Coulombwall 1, 85748 Garching, Germany;

/persons/resource/persons60479

Ernstorfer,  Ralph
Laser Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Physik Department E11, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Straße, 85748 Garching, Germany;

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Kienberger,  Reinhard
Attosecond Dynamics, Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Physik Department E11, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Straße, 85748 Garching, Germany;

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Citation

Magerl, E., Neppl, S., Cavalieri, A. L., Bothschafter, E. M., Stanislawski, M., Uphues, T., et al. (2011). A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces. Review of Scientific Instruments, 82(6): 063104. doi:10.1063/1.3596564.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-15E6-0
Abstract
We describe an apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces, which combines the generation of isolated attosecond extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) laser pulses by high harmonic generation in gases with time-resolved photoelectron detection and surface science techniques in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. This versatile setup provides isolated attosecond pulses with photon energies of up to 140 eV and few-cycle near infrared pulses for studying ultrafast electron dynamics in a large variety of surfaces and interfaces. The samples can be prepared and characterized on an atomic scale in a dedicated flexible surface science end station. The extensive possibilities offered by this apparatus are demonstrated by applying attosecond XUV pulses with a central photon energy of ∼125 eV in an attosecond streaking experiment of a xenon multilayer grown on a Re(0001) substrate.