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Hippocampal neuroligin-2 links early-life stress with impaired social recognition and increased aggression in adult mice

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Kohl,  Christine
Dept. Stress Neurobiology and Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Wang,  Xiao-Dong
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Harbich,  Daniela
Dept. Stress Neurobiology and Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Westerholz,  Sören
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Sippel,  Claudia
Dept. Translational Research in Psychiatry, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Hausch,  Felix
Dept. Translational Research in Psychiatry, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Schmidt,  Mathias V.
Dept. Stress Neurobiology and Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Kohl, C., Wang, X.-D., Grosse, J., Fournier, C., Harbich, D., Westerholz, S., et al. (2015). Hippocampal neuroligin-2 links early-life stress with impaired social recognition and increased aggression in adult mice. PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, 55, 128-143. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.02.016.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-8125-3
Abstract
Early-life stress is a key risk factor for the development of neuropsychiatric disorders later in life. Neuronal cell adhesion molecules have been strongly implicated in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders and in modulating social behaviors associated with these diseases. Neuroligin-2 is a synaptic cell adhesion molecule, located at the postsynaptic membrane of inhibitory GABAergic synapses, and is involved in synaptic stabilization and maturation. Alterations in neuroligin-2 expression have previously been associated with changes in social behavior linked to psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia and autism. In this study, we show that early-life stress, induced by limited nesting and bedding material, leads to impaired social recognition and increased aggression in adult mice, accompanied by increased expression levels of hippocampal neuroligin-2. Viral overexpression of hippocampal neuroligin-2 in adulthood mimics early-life stress-induced alterations in social behavior and social cognition. Moreover, viral knockdown of neuroligin-2 in the adult hippocampus attenuates the early-life stress-induced behavioral changes. Our results highlight the importance of neuroligin-2 in mediating early-life stress effects on social behavior and social cognition and its promising role as a novel therapeutic target for neuropsychiatric disorders. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.