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Journal Article

A 31P dynamic NMR study of the bond shift rearragement in solid Li3P7


Zimmermann,  Herbert
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Sen, T., Poupko, R., Fleischer, U., Zimmermann, H., & Luz, Z. (2000). A 31P dynamic NMR study of the bond shift rearragement in solid Li3P7. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 122(5), 889-896. doi:10.1021/ja992452l.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-1DB1-8
Phosphorus-31 NMR measurements are reported on solid Li3P7(monoglyme)3 in the temperature range −90 to +70 °C, under both, nonspinning and magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions. At low temperatures (<−30 °C) the spectra correspond to a static situation, exhibiting a superposition of three subspectra due to the apical, equatorial, and basal phosphorus atoms in the P7-cage. Analysis of these spectra provided information on the principal values of the chemical shift tensors of the various P atoms in their respective principal axis systems. Their orientations in the molecular frame were obtained from quantum mechanical calculations. In the temperature range −30 to +70 °C the spectra exhibit dynamic effects, which at high temperatures result in a line shape corresponding to a single average axially symmetric chemical shift tensor. This is interpreted in terms of a bond shift rearrangement similar to the Cope rearrangement process in bullvalene. Analysis of the results yields approximate kinetic parameters for the reaction. At room-temperature the rate constant is about 105 s-1, and the activation energy lies between 7 and 12 kcal/mol. Due to the amorphous nature of the sample used and the incomplete fit of the experimental and simulated spectra, the possibility of a heterogeneous reaction with a distribution of rates and an independent 3-fold jumps process, cannot be ruled out