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A hierarchy of global coupling induced cluster patterns during the oscillatory H2-electrooxidation reaction on a Pt ring-electrode


Beta,  Carsten
Laboratory for Fluid Dynamics, Pattern Formation and Biocomplexity, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Varela, H., Beta, C., Bonnefont, A., & Krischer, K. (2005). A hierarchy of global coupling induced cluster patterns during the oscillatory H2-electrooxidation reaction on a Pt ring-electrode. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 7, 2429-2439. doi:10.1039/b502027a.

We report experimental results on spatiotemporal pattern formation during the oscillatory hydrogen electrooxidation reaction on a Pt ring-electrode under negative (desynchronizing) global coupling (GC). Spatially one-dimensional profiles of the interfacial potential drop along the angular direction of the ring electrode are recorded by means of a potential probe. The dynamics is investigated as a function of two control parameters, the applied voltage U and the strength of the global coupling. The latter is adjusted either by varying the distance between the working electrode (WE) and the reference electrode (RE) or by inserting a negative impedance device in series with the WE. In the absence of global coupling, uniform oscillations were destabilized by migration coupling, and electrochemical turbulence developed at large values of U (H. Varela, C. Beta, A. Bonnefont and K. Krischer, Phys. Rev. Lett., 2005, 94, 174104; ref. 1). Already low global coupling strengths sufficed to suppress turbulence. Instead, regular two-phase clusters formed. At higher coupling strength, a second type of two-phase cluster was observed as well as two types of irregular cluster patterns, which were connected with an irregular motion of the cluster boundaries and the emergence and disappearance of clusters through splitting and merging of the boundaries, respectively. Upon increasing the coupling strength even further, five-phase clusters were stabilized and at the highest coupling strength applied the cluster patterns transformed into strongly modulated pulses. The two types of two-phase clusters and the five-phase clusters are analyzed employing several signal processing techniques.