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Evolution of myelin proteolipid proteins: Gene duplication in teleosts and expression pattern divergence

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Nave,  Klaus-Armin
Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Max Planck Society;

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Werner,  Hauke
Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Schweitzer, J., Becker, T., Schachner, M., Nave, K.-A., & Werner, H. (2006). Evolution of myelin proteolipid proteins: Gene duplication in teleosts and expression pattern divergence. Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, 31(1), 161-177. doi:10.1016/j.mcn.2005.10.007.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-1FB1-5
Abstract
The coevolution of neurons and their supporting glia to the highly specialized axon-myelin unit included the recruitment of proteolipids as neuronal glycoproteins (DM beta, DM gamma) or myelin proteins (DM alpha/PLP/DM20). Consistent with a genome duplication at the root of teleosts, we identified three proteolipid pairs in zebrafish, termed DM alpha 1 and DM alpha 2, DM beta 1 and DM beta 2, DM gamma 1 and DM gamma 2. The paralogous amino acid sequences diverged remarkably after gene duplication, indicating functional specialization. Each proteolipid has adopted a distinct spatio-temporal expression pattern in neural progenitors, neurons, and in glia. DM alpha 2, the closest homolog to mammalian PLP/DM20, is coexpressed with P0 in oligodendrocytes and upregulated after optic nerve lesion. DM gamma 2 is expressed in multipotential stem cells, and the other four proteolipids are confined to subsets of CNS neurons. Comparing protein sequences and gene structures from birds, teleosts, one urochordate species, and four invertebrates, we have reconstructed major steps in the evolution of proteolipids. (C) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.