Deutsch
 
Benutzerhandbuch Datenschutzhinweis Impressum Kontakt
  DetailsucheBrowse

Datensatz

DATENSATZ AKTIONENEXPORT

Freigegeben

Zeitschriftenartikel

A human mitochondrial poly(A) polymerase mutation reveals the complexities of post-transcriptional mitochondrial gene expression.

MPG-Autoren

Wilson,  William C
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Hornig-Do,  Hue-Tran
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Bruni,  Francesco
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Chang,  Jeong Ho
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Jourdain,  Alexis A
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Martinou,  Jean-Claude
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Falkenberg,  Maria
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Spåhr,  Henrik
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Larsson,  Nils-Göran
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Lewis,  Richard J
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Hewitt,  Lorraine
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Baslé,  Arnaud
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Cross,  Harold E
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Tong,  Liang
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Lebel,  Robert R
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Crosby,  Andrew H
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Chrzanowska-Lightowlers,  Zofia M A
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Lightowlers,  Robert N
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Volltexte (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Volltexte verfügbar
Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Ergänzenden Materialien verfügbar
Zitation

Wilson, W. C., Hornig-Do, H.-T., Bruni, F., Chang, J. H., Jourdain, A. A., Martinou, J.-C., et al. (2014). A human mitochondrial poly(A) polymerase mutation reveals the complexities of post-transcriptional mitochondrial gene expression. Hum Mol Genet, 23(23), 6345-6355.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-59FB-F
Zusammenfassung
The p.N478D missense mutation in human mitochondrial poly(A) polymerase (mtPAP) has previously been implicated in a form of spastic ataxia with optic atrophy. In this study, we have investigated fibroblast cell lines established from family members. The homozygous mutation resulted in the loss of polyadenylation of all mitochondrial transcripts assessed; however, oligoadenylation was retained. Interestingly, this had differential effects on transcript stability that were dependent on the particular species of transcript. These changes were accompanied by a severe loss of oxidative phosphorylation complexes I and IV, and perturbation of de novo mitochondrial protein synthesis. Decreases in transcript polyadenylation and in respiratory chain complexes were effectively rescued by overexpression of wild-type mtPAP. Both mutated and wild-type mtPAP localized to the mitochondrial RNA-processing granules thereby eliminating mislocalization as a cause of defective polyadenylation. In vitro polyadenylation assays revealed severely compromised activity by the mutated protein, which generated only short oligo(A) extensions on RNA substrates, irrespective of RNA secondary structure. The addition of LRPPRC/SLIRP, a mitochondrial RNA-binding complex, enhanced activity of the wild-type mtPAP resulting in increased overall tail length. The LRPPRC/SLIRP effect although present was less marked with mutated mtPAP, independent of RNA secondary structure. We conclude that (i) the polymerase activity of mtPAP can be modulated by the presence of LRPPRC/SLIRP, (ii) N478D mtPAP mutation decreases polymerase activity and (iii) the alteration in poly(A) length is sufficient to cause dysregulation of post-transcriptional expression and the pathogenic lack of respiratory chain complexes.