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Journal Article

Ab-initio Quantum Enhanced Optical Phase Estimation Using Real-time Feedback Control


Händchen,  Vitus
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Berni, A. A., Gehring, T., Nielsen, B. M., Händchen, V., Paris, M. G. A., & Andersen, U. L. (2015). Ab-initio Quantum Enhanced Optical Phase Estimation Using Real-time Feedback Control. Nature Photonics, 9, 577-581. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2015.139.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-57FA-7
Optical phase estimation is a vital measurement primitive that is used to perform accurate measurements of various physical quantities like length, velocity and displacements. The precision of such measurements can be largely enhanced by the use of entangled or squeezed states of light as demonstrated in a variety of different optical systems. Most of these accounts however deal with the measurement of a very small shift of an already known phase, which is in stark contrast to ab-initio phase estimation where the initial phase is unknown. Here we report on the realization of a quantum enhanced and fully deterministic phase estimation protocol based on real-time feedback control. Using robust squeezed states of light combined with a real-time Bayesian estimation feedback algorithm, we demonstrate deterministic phase estimation with a precision beyond the quantum shot noise limit. The demonstrated protocol opens up new opportunities for quantum microscopy, quantum metrology and quantum information processing.