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From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field

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von Cube,  F.
Electron Microscopy and Analytics, Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (caesar), Max Planck Society;

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Irsen,  S.
Electron Microscopy and Analytics, Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (caesar), Max Planck Society;

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Citation

von Cube, F., Irsen, S., Diehl, R., Niegemann, J., Busch, K., & Linden, S. (2013). From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field. Nano Letters, 13(2), 703-708. doi:10.1021/nl3043757.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-60BB-E
Abstract
Metamaterials are artificial media which can provide optical properties not available from natural materials. These properties often result from the resonant excitation of plasmonic modes in the metallic building blocks ("metaatoms") of the metamaterial. Electromagnetic interactions between the metaatoms significantly modify the resonances of the individual metaatoms and influence the optical properties of the whole metamaterial. To better understand these interactions, we study in this Letter the evolution of the plasmonic near-field in the course of the transition from an isolated metaatom, in our case a split-ring resonator (SRR), to a photonic metamaterial via electron energy-loss spectroscopy. For small SRR ensembles, we observe the formation of discrete optical bright and dark modes due to coupling of the metaatoms. Large SRR arrays reveal a quasi-continuum of modes in the interior and distinct edge modes at the boundaries of the array. Our experimental results are in excellent agreement with numerical calculations.