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Interdigitating biocalcite dendrites form a 3-D jigsaw structure in brachiopod shells

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Kelm,  K.
Center for Materials Analysis, Technische Fakultät, Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Kaiserstraße 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany ;
Electron Microscopy and Analytics, Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (caesar), Max Planck Society;
Stiftung caesar, Electron Microscopy, Bonn, Germany ;

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Irsen,  S.
Electron Microscopy and Analytics, Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (caesar), Max Planck Society;

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Sehrbrock,  A.
Electron Microscopy and Analytics, Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (caesar), Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Goetz, A. J., Steinmetz, D. R., Griesshaber, E., Zaefferer, S., Raabe, D., Kelm, K., et al. (2011). Interdigitating biocalcite dendrites form a 3-D jigsaw structure in brachiopod shells. Acta Biomaterialia, 7(5), 2237-2243. doi:DOI 10.1016/j.actbio.2011.01.035.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-60E1-3
Abstract
We report a newly discovered dense microstructure of dendrite-like biocalcite that is formed by marine organisms. High spatial resolution electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) was carried out under specific analytical conditions (15 and 10 kV) on the primary layer of the modern brachiopod Gryphus vitreus The primary layer of modern brachiopods. previously termed nanocrystalline, is formed by an array of concave/convex calcite grains with interdigitated recesses and protrusions of abutting crystals without any cavities in or between the dendrites The interface topology of this structure ranges from a few tens of nanometres to tens of micrometres, giving a nanoscale structure to the material fabric The dendritic grains show a spread of crystallographic orientation of several degrees and can thus be referred to as mesocrystals. Individual dendritic mesocrystals reach sizes in one dimension larger than 20 mu m The preferred crystallographic orientation is similar in the primary and adjacent fibrous shell layers, even though these two layers show completely different crystal morphologies and grain boundary topologies. This observation indicates that two separate control mechanisms are active when the primary and the fibrous shell layers are formed We propose a growth model for the interdigitated dendritic calcite grain structure based on a precursor of vesicles filled with amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC). (c) 2011 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved