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Elevated InsP3R expression underlies enhanced calcium fluxes and spontaneous extra-systolic calcium release events in hypertrophic cardiac myocytes

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Harzheim, D., Talasila, A., Movassagh, M., Foo, R. S., Figg, N., Bootman, M. D., et al. (2010). Elevated InsP3R expression underlies enhanced calcium fluxes and spontaneous extra-systolic calcium release events in hypertrophic cardiac myocytes. Channels (Austin), 4(1), 67-71. doi:10531 [pii].


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-64FC-B
Abstract
Cardiac hypertrophy is associated with profound remodeling of Ca(2+) signaling pathways. During the early, compensated stages of hypertrophy, Ca(2+) fluxes may be enhanced to facilitate greater contraction, whereas as the hypertrophic heart decompensates, Ca(2+) homeostatic mechanisms are dysregulated leading to decreased contractility, arrhythmia and death. Although ryanodine receptor Ca(2+) release channels (RyR) on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) intracellular Ca(2+) store are primarily responsible for the Ca(2+) flux that induces myocyte contraction, a role for Ca(2+) release via the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R) in cardiac physiology has also emerged. Specifically, InsP(3)-induced Ca(2+) signals generated following myocyte stimulation with an InsP(3)-generating agonist (e.g., endothelin, ET-1), lead to modulation of Ca(2+) signals associated with excitation-contraction coupling (ECC) and the induction of spontaneous Ca(2+) release events that cause cellular arrhythmia. Using myocytes from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we recently reported that expression of the type 2 InsP(3)R (InsP(3)R2) is significantly increased during hypertrophy. Notably, this increased expression was restricted to the junctional SR in close proximity to RyRs. There, enhanced Ca(2+) release via InsP(3)Rs serves to sensitize neighboring RyRs causing an augmentation of Ca(2+) fluxes during ECC as well as an increase in non-triggered Ca(2+) release events. Although the sensitization of RyRs may be a beneficial consequence of elevated InsP(3)R expression during hypertrophy, the spontaneous Ca(2+) release events are potentially of pathological significance giving rise to cardiac arrhythmia. InsP(3)R2 expression was also increased in hypertrophic hearts from patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy and aortically-banded mice demonstrating that increased InsP(3)R expression may be a general phenomenon that underlies Ca(2+) changes during hypertrophy