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Effect of nonlinear dispersion on pulse self-compression in a defocusing noble gas

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Kohler,  C.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Skupin,  S.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Kohler, C., Berge, L., & Skupin, S. (2011). Effect of nonlinear dispersion on pulse self-compression in a defocusing noble gas. Physica D-Nonlinear Phenomena, 240(11), 963-970.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-8CC3-1
Abstract
Media with a negative Kerr index (n(2)) offer an intriguing possibility to self-compress ultrashort laser pulses without the risk of spatial wave collapse. However, in the relevant frequency regions, the negative nonlinearity turns out to be highly dispersive as well. Here, we study the influence of nonlinear dispersion on the pulse self-compression in a defocusing xenon gas. Purely temporal (1 + 1)-dimensional investigations reveal and fully spatio-temporal simulations confirm that a temporal shift of high intensity zones of the compressed pulse due to the nonlinear dispersion is the main effect on the modulational instability (MI) mediated compression mechanism. In the special case of vanishing n(2) for the center frequency, pulse compression leading to the ejection of a soliton is examined, which cannot be explained by MI. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.