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Journal Article

Measuring the complete force field of an optical trap


Grill,  S. W.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Jahnel, M., Behrndt, M., Jannasch, A., Schaffer, E., & Grill, S. W. (2011). Measuring the complete force field of an optical trap. Optics Letters, 36(7), 1260-1262.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-8D35-4
The use of optical traps to measure or apply forces on the molecular level requires a precise knowledge of the trapping force field. Close to the trap center, this field is typically approximated as linear in the displacement of the trapped microsphere. However, applications demanding high forces at low laser intensities can probe the light-microsphere interaction beyond the linear regime. Here, we measured the full nonlinear force and displacement response of an optical trap in two dimensions using a dual-beam optical trap setup with back-focal-plane photodetection. We observed a substantial stiffening of the trap beyond the linear regime that depends on microsphere size, in agreement with Mie theory calculations. Surprisingly, we found that the linear detection range for forces exceeds the one for displacement by far. Our approach allows for a complete calibration of an optical trap. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America