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Journal Article

Leveraging waveform complexity for confident detection of gravitational waves


Drago,  Marco
Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Kanner, J. B., Littenberg, T. B., Cornish, N., Millhouse, M., Xhakaj, E., Salemi, F., et al. (2016). Leveraging waveform complexity for confident detection of gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 93: 022002. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.022002.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-9C5E-8
The recent completion of Advanced LIGO suggests that gravitational waves (GWs) may soon be directly observed. Past searches for gravitational-wave transients have been impacted by transient noise artifacts, known as glitches, introduced into LIGO data due to instrumental and environmental effects. In this work, we explore how waveform complexity, instead of signal-to-noise ratio, can be used to rank event candidates and distinguish short duration astrophysical signals from glitches. We test this framework using a new hierarchical pipeline that directly compares the Bayesian evidence of explicit signal and glitch models. The hierarchical pipeline is shown to have strong performance, and in particular, allows high-confidence detections of a range of waveforms at realistic signal-to-noise ratio with a two detector network.