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Book Chapter

Spin and quadrupole contributions to the motion of astrophysical binaries


Steinhoff,  Jan
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Steinhoff, J. (2015). Spin and quadrupole contributions to the motion of astrophysical binaries. In Equations of Motion in Relativistic Gravity. Fundamental Theories of Physics (pp. 615-649). Heidelberg u.a.: Springer.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-9C6F-F
Compact objects in general relativity approximately move along geodesics of spacetime. It is shown that the corrections to geodesic motion due to spin (dipole), quadrupole, and higher multipoles can be modeled by an extension of the point mass action. The quadrupole contributions are discussed in detail for astrophysical objects like neutron stars or black holes. Implications for binaries are analyzed for a small mass ratio situation. There quadrupole effects can encode information about the internal structure of the compact object, e.g., in principle they allow a distinction between black holes and neutron stars, and also different equations of state for the latter. Furthermore, a connection between the relativistic oscillation modes of the object and a dynamical quadrupole evolution is established.