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C. elegans sirtuin SIR-2.4 and its mammalian homolog SIRT6 in stress response.


Jedrusik-Bode,  M.
Department of Genes and Behavior, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Jedrusik-Bode, M. (2014). C. elegans sirtuin SIR-2.4 and its mammalian homolog SIRT6 in stress response. Worm, 3(2): e29102. doi:10.4161/worm.29102.

Stress is a significant life event. The immediate response to stress is critical for survival. In organisms ranging from the unicellular Saccharomyces cerevisiae to protozoa (Trypanosoma brucei) and metazoan (such as Caenorhabditis elegans, Homo sapiens) stress response leads to the formation of cytoplasmic RNA-protein complexes referred to as stress granules (SGs). SGs regulate cell survival during stress by the sequestration of the signaling molecules implicated in apoptosis. They are a transient place of messenger ribonucleoproteins (mRNPs) remodeling for storage, degradation, or reinitiation of translation during stress and recovery from stress. Recently, we have identified chromatin factor, the sirtuin C. elegans SIR-2.4 variant and its mammalian homolog SIRT6 as a regulator of SGs formation. SIRT6 is highly conserved NAD(+)-dependent lysine deacetylase and ADP-ribosyltransferase impacting longevity, metabolism, and cancer. We observed that the cellular formation of SGs by SIRT6 or SIR-2.4 was linked with the cell viability or C. elegans survival and was dependent on SIRT6 enzymatic activity. Here, we discuss how SIR-2.4/SIRT6 influences SGs formation and stress response. We suggest possible mechanisms for such an unanticipated function of a chromatin regulatory factor SIRT6 in assembly of stress granules and cellular stress resistance.