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A global reference for human genetic variation

MPG-Autoren
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Lehrach,  Hans
Emeritus Group of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Amstislavskiy,  Vyacheslav
Gene Regulation and Systems Biology of Cancer (Marie-Laure Yaspo), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Lienhard,  Matthias
Bioinformatics (Ralf Herwig), Dept. of Computational Molecular Biology (Head: Martin Vingron), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

Mertes,  Florian
Emeritus Group of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Sultan,  Marc
Gene Regulation and Systems Biology of Cancer (Marie-Laure Yaspo), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Timmermann,  Bernd
Sequencing (Head: Bernd Timmermann), Scientific Service (Head: Christoph Krukenkamp), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Yaspo,  Marie-Laure
Gene Regulation and Systems Biology of Cancer (Marie-Laure Yaspo), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Herwig,  Ralf
Bioinformatics (Ralf Herwig), Dept. of Computational Molecular Biology (Head: Martin Vingron), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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nature15393.pdf
(Verlagsversion), 10MB

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Zitation

The 1000 Genome Project Consortium, Lehrach, H., Amstislavskiy, V., Lienhard, M., Mertes, F., Sultan, M., et al. (2015). A global reference for human genetic variation. Nature, 526(7571), 68-74. doi:10.1038/nature15393.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-E08C-0
Zusammenfassung
The 1000 Genomes Project set out to provide a comprehensive description of common human genetic variation by applying whole-genome sequencing to a diverse set of individuals from multiple populations. Here we report completion of the project, having reconstructed the genomes of 2,504 individuals from 26 populations using a combination of low-coverage whole-genome sequencing, deep exome sequencing, and dense microarray genotyping. We characterized a broad spectrum of genetic variation, in total over 88 million variants (84.7 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 3.6 million short insertions/deletions (indels), and 60,000 structural variants), all phased onto high-quality haplotypes. This resource includes >99% of SNP variants with a frequency of >1% for a variety of ancestries. We describe the distribution of genetic variation across the global sample, and discuss the implications for common disease studies.