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The Role of Public Interest in Plant-Related Patents: A European Perspective

MPG-Autoren
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Prifti,  Viola
MPI for Innovation and Competition, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Prifti, V. (2015). The Role of Public Interest in Plant-Related Patents: A European Perspective.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-E655-5
Zusammenfassung
This paper discusses the influence of public interest in European patent legislation on plant-related issues. It briefly explains the implications of patentability of biological material for plant breeding and describes the interests of all the stakeholders involved in the matter. It argues that a balance between stakeholders' concerns is needed in order to promote public interest in plant-related patents. For clarity, the vague concept of "public interest" is explained in light of economic theory and it is further elaborated as a guidance for legislators. To this purpose, the importance of international legal acts (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Convention on Biological Diversity and its Nagoya Protocol) as well as the European Citizens' Initiative introduced by the Lisbon Treaty is indicated.