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Journal Article

Apparent and average acceleration of the Universe


Andersson,  Lars
Geometric Analysis and Gravitation, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Bolejko, K., & Andersson, L. (2008). Apparent and average acceleration of the Universe. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2008(10): 003. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2008/10/003.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-03B6-9
In this paper we consider the relation between the volume deceleration parameter obtained within the Buchert averaging scheme and the deceleration parameter derived from the supernova observation. This work was motivated by recent findings that showed that there are models which despite $\Lambda=0$ have volume deceleration parameter $q^{vol} < 0$. This opens the possibility that backreaction and averaging effects may be used as an interesting alternative explanation to the dark energy phenomenon. We have calculated $q^{vol}$ in some Lema\^itre--Tolman models. For those models which are chosen to be realistic and which fit the supernova data, we find that $q^{vol} > 0$, while those models which we have been able to find which exhibit $q^{vol} < 0$ turn out to be unrealistic. This indicates that care must be exercised in relating the deceleration parameter to observations.