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Communication: X-ray coherent diffractive imaging by immersion in nanodroplets

MPS-Authors
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Boll,  Rebecca
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Division Prof. Dr. Thomas Pfeifer, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Englert,  Lars
High Energy Astrophysics, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons136028

Epp,  Sascha W.
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Miller Group, Atomically Resolved Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons49162

Erk,  Benjamin
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons92933

Foucar,  Lutz
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Rolles,  Daniel
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
PNSensor GmbH, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, 81739 München, Germany;

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Rudek,  Benedikt
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons30960

Rudenko,  Artem
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;
J.R. MacDonald Laboratory, Department of Physics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA;

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Ullrich,  Joachim H.
Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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1.4933297.pdf
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Citation

Tanyag, R. M. P., Bernando, C., Jones, C. F., Bacellar, C., Ferguson, K. R., Anielski, D., et al. (2015). Communication: X-ray coherent diffractive imaging by immersion in nanodroplets. Structural Dynamics, 2(5): 051102. doi:10.1063/1.4933297.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-05DF-1
Abstract
Lensless x-ray microscopy requires the recovery of the phase of the radiation scattered from a specimen. Here, we demonstrate a de novo phase retrieval technique by encapsulating an object in a superfluid helium nanodroplet, which provides both a physical support and an approximate scattering phase for the iterative image reconstruction. The technique is robust, fast-converging, and yields the complex density of the immersed object. Images of xenon clusters embedded in superfluid helium droplets reveal transient configurations of quantum vortices in this fragile system.