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Journal Article

New evidence for two sharp replacement fronts during albitization of granitoids from northern Aravalli orogen, northwest India


Hofmann,  Albrecht W.
Geochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Kaur, P., Chaudhri, N., & Hofmann, A. W. (2015). New evidence for two sharp replacement fronts during albitization of granitoids from northern Aravalli orogen, northwest India. SI, 57(11-12), 1660-1685. doi:10.1080/00206814.2014.1000394.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-2567-2
We present new evidence of infiltration metasomatism in granitoids that were albitized in a process that produced two sharp replacement fronts, both of which are clearly visible in the field. The two fronts advanced through the original granite simultaneously, but at different rates. Here we focus mainly on the Ajitgarh intrusive in the northern Aravalli orogen of northwest India. This intrusion shows geographically well-defined metasomatic zones on the outcrop scale as well as a large volume of original ferroan granite, both of which were poorly preserved in most of the previously studied Khetri granites. Stage I metasomatism transformed the grey original granite to pink microcline-albite granite, and stage II converted the microcline-albite granite to white albite granite. Both these reaction fronts are sharp and are easily recognized in the field by their different colours. The mineralogical and chemical changes during the first stage are expressed by transformation of original oligoclase to albite, biotite (annite-rich) and hastingsite (amphibole) to hastingsite with low X-Fe values, dehydration, gain in Na, and losses in Fe and Rb. The second stage of metasomatism caused almost complete conversion of microcline to albite and complete or nearly complete disappearance of amphibole. Chemically, these changes are manifested by substantial gain in Na and extreme losses in K, Rb, Ba, Ca, Sr, Fe, and Mg. Depending on the modal abundances of amphibole, stage II albitized rocks are depleted in light rare earth elements or heavy rare earth elements or both, signifying that rare earth elements are principally hosted by mafic phases. The disparity in whole-rock delta O-18 values during both stages of albitization is related to the variations in modal amounts of Si-bearing phases. The replacement microstructures are in accord with the fluid-mediated phase transformations by a coupled dissolution-precipitation mechanism. The albitizing event took place at low temperatures of 350-400 degrees C and the fluid was metamorphic in nature.