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Entanglement-induced Kondo screening in atomic spin chains

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Choi,  Deung-Jang
Dynamics of Nanoelectronic Systems, Independent Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research;

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Yan,  Shichao
Dynamics of Nanoelectronic Systems, Independent Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research;

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Burgess,  Jacob A. J.
Dynamics of Nanoelectronic Systems, Independent Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research;

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Rolf-Pissarczyk,  Steffen
Dynamics of Nanoelectronic Systems, Independent Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research;

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Loth,  Sebastian
Dynamics of Nanoelectronic Systems, Independent Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research;

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Citation

Choi, D.-J., Robles, R., Yan, S., Burgess, J. A. J., Rolf-Pissarczyk, S., Gauyacq, J.-P., et al. (in preparation). Entanglement-induced Kondo screening in atomic spin chains.


Abstract
Quantum entanglement permeates the complex ground states of correlated electron materials defying single-particle descriptions. Coupled magnetic atoms have potential as model systems for entanglement in condensed matter giving the opportunity to create artificial many-body states which can be controlled by tuning the underlying interactions. They provide an avenue to unravel the complexities of correlated-electron materials. Here we use low temperature scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and atomic manipulation to tune entanglement in chains of magnetic atoms. We find that a Kondo singlet state can emerge from this entanglement. The many electron Kondo state is based on the screening of the entangled spin ground state of the chain by substrate electrons and can be engineered to envelop at least ten magnetic atoms. The concomitant Kondo resonance measured in the differential conductance enables the electric read-out of entanglement. By tuning composition and coupling strength within atomic chains it is possible to create model spin chains with defined entanglement. This lays the foundation for a new class of experiments to construct exotic correlated-electron materials atom by atom.