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Journal Article

Stochastic stimulated electronic x-ray Raman spectroscopy


Kimberg,  Victor
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;
Theoretical Chemistry and Biology, Royal Institute of Technology, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden;


Rohringer,  Nina
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;
Quantum Optics with X-Rays, Independent Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg, Germany;

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Kimberg, V., & Rohringer, N. (2016). Stochastic stimulated electronic x-ray Raman spectroscopy. Structural Dynamics, 3(3): 034101. doi:10.1063/1.4940916.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-2323-8
Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is a well-established tool for studying electronic, nuclear, and collective dynamics of excited atoms, molecules, and solids. An extension of this powerful method to a time-resolved probe technique at x-rayfree electron lasers (XFELs) to ultimately unravel ultrafast chemical and structural changes on a femtosecond time scale is often challenging, due to the small signal rate in conventional implementations at XFELs that rely on the usage of a monochromator setup to select a small frequency band of the broadband, spectrally incoherent XFEL radiation. Here, we suggest an alternative approach, based on stochastic spectroscopy, which uses the full bandwidth of the incoming XFEL pulses. Our proposed method is relying on stimulated resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, where in addition to a pump pulse that resonantly excites the system a probe pulse on a specific electronic inelastic transition is provided, which serves as a seed in the stimulated scattering process. The limited spectral coherence of the XFEL radiation defines the energy resolution in this process and stimulated RIXS spectra of high resolution can be obtained by covariance analysis of the transmitted spectra. We present a detailed feasibility study and predict signal strengths for realistic XFEL parameters for the CO molecule resonantly pumped at the O1s → π* transition. Our theoretical model describes the evolution of the spectral and temporal characteristics of the transmitted x-ray radiation, by solving the equation of motion for the electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom of the system self consistently with the propagation by Maxwell equations.