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Organic Nanoparticles as Fragmentable Support for Ziegler-Natta Catalysts

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Nietzel,  Sven
Dept. Müllen: Synthetic Chemistry, MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Joe,  Daejune
Dept. Müllen: Synthetic Chemistry, MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Krumpfer,  Joseph W.
Dept. Müllen: Synthetic Chemistry, MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Schellenberger,  Frank
Dept. Butt: Physics at Interfaces, MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Fink,  Gerhard
Research Department Fink, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Klapper,  Markus
Dept. Müllen: Synthetic Chemistry, MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Muellen,  Klaus
Dept. Müllen: Synthetic Chemistry, MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Nietzel, S., Joe, D., Krumpfer, J. W., Schellenberger, F., Alsaygh, A. A., Fink, G., et al. (2015). Organic Nanoparticles as Fragmentable Support for Ziegler-Natta Catalysts. Polymer Chemistry, 53(1), 15-22. doi:10.1002/pola.27442.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-2E57-9
Abstract
A fragmentable support material for Ziegler-Natta catalysts is presented based on micrometer-sized aggregates of polystyrene nanoparticles. Hydroxyl anchoring groups are introduced by copolymerization of hydroxymethylstyrene in emulsion process to immobilize the catalysts. The catalytic activity in ethylene slurry polymerizations is found to be directly correlated to the hydroxyl group content of the supports. Furthermore, the fragmentation behavior of dye-labeled support aggregates into the initial nanoparticles is demonstrated using laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy as a nondestructive method. These supported catalysts fulfill two important design criteria, high fragmentability and high catalyst loading, and produce high-density polyethylene with medium molecular weight distributions (MWDs=3-4). These values lie between those obtained using single-site metallocene-based (narrow MWD<3) or inorganic supported multi-site Ziegler-Natta-based (broad MWD=4-12) polymerizations without the need of blending