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Unconditional entanglement interface for quantum networks


Schnabel,  Roman
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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(Preprint), 655KB

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Baune, C., Gniesmer, J., Kocsis, S., Vollmer, C. E., Zell, P., Fiurasek, J., et al. (2016). Unconditional entanglement interface for quantum networks. Physical Review A, 93: 010302. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.93.010302.

Entanglement drives nearly all proposed quantum information technologies. The suppression of the uncertainty in joint quadrature measurements below the level of vacuum fluctuations is a signature of non-classical correlations. Entangling frequency modes of optical fields has attracted increased attention in recent years, as a quantum network would rely on interfacing light at telecommunication wavelengths with matter-based quantum memories that are addressable at visible wavelengths. By up-converting part of a 1550 nm squeezed vacuum state to 532 nm, we demonstrate the generation and complete characterization of strong continuous-variable entanglement between widely separated frequencies. Non-classical correlations were observed in joint quadrature measurements of the 1550 nm and 532 nm fields, showing a maximum noise suppression 5.5 dB below vacuum. A spectrum was measured to demonstrate over 3 dB noise suppression up to 20 MHzmeasurement frequency. Our versatile technique combines strong non-classical correlations, large bandwidth and, in principle, the ability to entangle the telecommunication wavelength of 1550 nm with any optical wavelength, making this approach highly relevant to emerging proposals for quantum communication and computing.