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Incorporation of Li dopant into Cu2ZnSnSe4 photovoltaic absorber: hybrid-functional calculations

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Mirhosseini,  Hossein
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Kiss,  Janos
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Felser,  Claudia
Claudia Felser, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ghorbani, E., Mirhosseini, H., Kiss, J., & Felser, C. (2015). Incorporation of Li dopant into Cu2ZnSnSe4 photovoltaic absorber: hybrid-functional calculations. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 48(48): 482001, pp. 1-4. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/48/48/482001.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-ABFC-5
Abstract
We have studied the formation of Li extrinsic defects in Cu2ZnSnSe4 by first-principles hybrid functional calculations. Li atoms in the Cu site (Li-Cu) and Li atoms in the Se site (Li-Se) are the most and the least stable point defect, respectively. The formation energies of two Li interstitial defects with different numbers of nearest neighbors are the same. These interstitial point defects act as a donor but do not create gap states. Formation of the acceptor point defects (Li-Zn and Li-Sn) is less likely in p-type Cu2ZnSnSe4 compared with n-type Cu2ZnSnSe4. In contrast to Li-Zn which does not create gap states, the formation of Li-Sn creates two charge transition levels in the middle of the bandgap which might act as recombination centers. (Li-Li)(Cu) dumbbells are likely to form in p-type Cu2ZnSnSe4 but the probability of the formation of dumbbells decreases in favor of the formation of two Li-Cu point defects when the chemical potential of the electrons increases.