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Journal Article

Functions of Rab proteins at presynaptic sites.

MPS-Authors
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Binotti,  B.
Department of Neurobiology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Jahn,  R.
Department of Neurobiology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Chua,  J. J. E.
Research Group of Protein Trafficking in Synaptic Development and Function, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Binotti, B., Jahn, R., & Chua, J. J. E. (2016). Functions of Rab proteins at presynaptic sites. Cells, 5(1): 7. doi:10.3390/cells5010007.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-C7DE-9
Abstract
Presynaptic neurotransmitter release is dominated by the synaptic vesicle (SV) cycle and entails the biogenesis, fusion, recycling, reformation or turnover of synaptic vesicles—a process involving bulk movement of membrane and proteins. As key mediators of membrane trafficking, small GTPases from the Rab family of proteins play critical roles in this process by acting as molecular switches that dynamically interact with and regulate the functions of different sets of macromolecular complexes involved in each stage of the cycle. Importantly, mutations affecting Rabs, and their regulators or effectors have now been identified that are implicated in severe neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders. Here, we summarize the roles and functions of presynaptic Rabs and discuss their involvement in the regulation of presynaptic function.