Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

Electric-field driven director oscillations in a nematic liquid crystal: a NMR investigation


Zimmermann,  Herbert
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

Fulltext (restricted access)
There are currently no full texts shared for your IP range.
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Luckhurst, G. R., Miyamoto, T., Sugimura, A., Timimi, B. A., & Zimmermann, H. (2004). Electric-field driven director oscillations in a nematic liquid crystal: a NMR investigation. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 121(4), 1928-1937. doi:10.1063/1.1764774.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-3172-5
We have investigated the oscillatory behavior of the nematic director for 4-pentyl-4'-cyanobiphenyl (5CB) when it is subjected to a static magnetic field and a sinusoidal electric field. In these experiments the two fields were inclined at about 50 degrees and the frequency of the electric field was varied from several hertz to approximately 1000 Hz. The director orientation was measured using time-resolved deuterium NMR spectroscopy since this has the advantage of being able to determine the state of director alignment in the sample. In fact, for all of the frequencies studied the director is found to remain uniformly aligned. Since the diamagnetic and dielectric anisotropies are both positive the director oscillates in the plane formed by the two fields. These oscillations were observed to continue for many cycles, indicating that the coherence in the director orientation was not lost during this motion. The maximum and minimum angles made by the director with the magnetic field were determined, as a function of frequency, from the NMR spectrum averaged over many thousand cycles of the oscillations. At low frequencies (several hertz) these limiting angles are essentially independent of frequency but as the frequency increases the two angles approach each other and become equal at high frequencies, typically 1000 Hz. Our results are well explained by a hydrodynamic theory in which the sinusoidal time dependence of the electric field is included in the torque-balance equation. This analysis also shows that, for a range of frequencies between the high and low limits, these NMR experiments can give dynamic as well as static information concerning the nematic phase.