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Journal Article

Spatial-temporal dynamics of China's terrestrial biodiversity: A dynamic habitat index diagnostic


Fraedrich,  Klaus F.
Max Planck Fellows, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Zhang, C., Cai, D., Guo, S., Guan, Y., Fraedrich, K. F., Nie, Y., et al. (2016). Spatial-temporal dynamics of China's terrestrial biodiversity: A dynamic habitat index diagnostic. Remote Sensing, 8: 227. doi:10.3390/rs8030227.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-484C-2
Biodiversity in China is analyzed based on the components of the Dynamic Habitat Index (DHI). First, observed field survey based spatial patterns of species richness including threatened species are presented to test their linear relationship with remote sensing based DHI (2001-2010 MODIS). Areas with a high cumulative DHI component are associated with relatively high species richness, and threatened species richness increases in regions with frequently varying levels of the cumulative DHI component. The analysis of geographical and statistical distributions yields the following results on interdependence, polarization and change detection: (1) The decadal mean Cumulative Annual Productivity (DHI-cum < 4) in Northwest China and (DHI-cum > 4) in Southeast China are in a stable (positive) relation to the Minimum Annual Apparent Cover (DHI-min) and is positively (negatively) related to the Seasonal Variation of Greenness (DHI-sea); (2) The decadal tendencies show bimodal frequency distributions aligned near DHI-min~0.05 and DHI-sea~0.5 which separated by zero slopes; that is, regions with both small DHI-min and DHI-sea are becoming smaller and vice versa; (3) The decadal tendencies identify regions of land-cover change (as revealed in previous research). That is, the relation of strong and significant tendencies of the three DHI components with climatic or anthropogenic induced changes provides useful information for conservation planning. These results suggest that the spatial-temporal dynamics of China's terrestrial species and threatened species richness needs to be monitored by first and second moments of remote sensing based information of the DHI. © 2016 by the authors.