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Journal Article

Size-resolved infrared spectroscopic study of structural transitions in sodium-doped (H2O)n clusters containing 10-100 water molecules


Buck,  Udo
Research Group Clusterdynamik, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Zurheide, F., Dierking, C. W., Pradzynski, C. C., Forck, R. M., Flüggen, F., Buck, U., et al. (2015). Size-resolved infrared spectroscopic study of structural transitions in sodium-doped (H2O)n clusters containing 10-100 water molecules. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 119(11), 2709-2720. doi:10.1021/jp509883m.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-5E5A-D
In water clusters containing 10–100 water molecules the structural transition takes place between “all surface” structures without internally solvated water molecules to amorphous water clusters with a three dimensionally structured interior. This structural evolution is explored with rigorous size selection by IR excitation modulated photoionization spectroscopy of sodium-doped (H2O)n clusters. The emergence of fully coordinated interior water molecules is observed by an increased relative absorption from 3200 to 3400 cm–1 in agreement with theoretical predictions and earlier experimental studies. The analysis has also shown that the intermediate-sized water clusters (n = 40–65) do not smoothly link the structures in the largest and smallest analyzed size regions (n = 15–35 and n = 100–150) in line with previous reports suggesting the appearance of exceptionally stable water cluster isomers at n = 51, 53, 55, and 57. In the size range from n = 49 to n = 55 a reduced ion yield, a plateau in the total IR signal gain and signatures in the distribution of free OH stretch oscillator absorption have been observed. Recently reported putative global minima structures for n = 51 and n = 54 point to the presence of periplanar interior rings in odd-numbered clusters in this size range, which may affect cluster (surface) stability and the shape of the free OH stretch absorption peak. Potential links between pure and sodium-doped water cluster structures and the signatures of solvated electrons in photoelectron spectra of anionic water clusters are discussed.