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Structure of a bd oxidase indicates similar mechanisms for membrane-integrated oxygen reductases

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Safarian,  Schara
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Rajendran,  Chitra
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Müller,  Hannelore
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Preu,  Julia
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Langer,  Julian David
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Michel,  Hartmut
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Safarian, S., Rajendran, C., Müller, H., Preu, J., Langer, J. D., Ovchinnikov, S., et al. (2016). Structure of a bd oxidase indicates similar mechanisms for membrane-integrated oxygen reductases. Science, 352(6285), 583-586. doi:10.1126/science.aaf2477.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-1CDB-D
Abstract
The cytochrome bd oxidases are terminal oxidases that are present in bacteria and archaea. They reduce molecular oxygen (dioxygen) to water, avoiding the production of reactive oxygen species. In addition to their contribution to the proton motive force, they mediate viability under oxygen-related stress conditions and confer tolerance to nitric oxide, thus contributing to the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. Here we present the atomic structure of the bd oxidase from Geobacillus thermodenitrificans, revealing a pseudosymmetrical subunit fold. The arrangement and order of the heme cofactors support the conclusions from spectroscopic measurements that the cleavage of the dioxygen bond may be mechanistically similar to that in the heme-copper–containing oxidases, even though the structures are completely different.