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Mitochondrial DNA: Radically free of free-radical driven mutations

MPG-Autoren

Kauppila,  J. H.
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

Stewart,  J. B.
Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Kauppila, J. H., & Stewart, J. B. (2015). Mitochondrial DNA: Radically free of free-radical driven mutations. Biochim Biophys Acta, 1847(11), 1354-61. doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2015.06.001.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-CA48-5
Zusammenfassung
Mitochondrial DNA has long been posited as a likely target of oxidative damage induced mutation during the ageing process. Research over the past decades has uncovered the accumulation of mitochondrial DNA mutations in association with a mosaic pattern of cells displaying mitochondrial dysfunction in ageing individuals. Unfortunately, the underlying mechanisms are far less straightforward than originally anticipated. Recent research on mitochondria reveals that these genomes are far less helpless than originally envisioned. Additionally, new technologies have allowed us to analyze the mutational signatures of many more somatic mitochondrial DNA mutations, revealing surprising patterns that are inconsistent with a DNA-oxidative damage based hypothesis. In this review, we will discuss these recent observations and new insights into the eccentricities of mitochondrial genetics, and their impact on our understanding of mitochondrial mutations and their role in the ageing process. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Aging.