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Impacts of artificial ocean alkalinization on the carbon cycle and climate in Earth system simulations

MPG-Autoren
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Ferrer-Gonzalez,  Miriam
IMPRS on Earth System Modelling, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Ilyina,  Tatiana
Ocean Biogeochemistry, The Ocean in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Ferrer-Gonzalez, M., & Ilyina, T. (2016). Impacts of artificial ocean alkalinization on the carbon cycle and climate in Earth system simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 6493-6502. doi:10.1002/2016GL068576.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-D6C5-1
Zusammenfassung
Using the state-of-the-art emissions-driven Max-Planck-Institute Earth system model, we explore the impacts of artificial ocean alkalinization (AOA) with a scenario based on the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) framework. Addition of 114 Pmol of alkalinity to the surface ocean stabilizes atmospheric CO2 concentration to RCP4.5 levels under RCP8.5 emissions. This scenario removes 940 GtC from the atmosphere and mitigates 1.5 K of global warming within this century. The climate adjusts to the lower CO2 concentration preventing the loss of sea-ice and high sea level rise. Seawater pH and the carbonate saturation state (Ω) rise substantially above levels of the current decade. Pronounced differences in regional sensitivities to AOA are projected, with the Arctic Ocean and tropical oceans emerging as hot spots for biogeochemical changes induced by AOA. Thus, the CO2 mitigation potential of AOA comes at a price of an unprecedented ocean biogeochemistry perturbation with unknown ecological consequences.