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The link between cognitive control and decision-making across child and adolescent development

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Steinbeis,  Nikolaus
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, the Netherlands;
Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, the Netherlands;
Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Steinbeis, N., & Crone, E. A. (2016). The link between cognitive control and decision-making across child and adolescent development. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 10, 28-32. doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.04.009.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-EDA2-B
Abstract
Understanding the neurocognitive mechanisms of decision-making is crucial to titrate and optimize opportunities for learning in childhood and adolescence. The development of prefrontal cortex and associated cognitive control has been shown across various studies to be especially important for decision-making in development. While future-oriented and social decisions in children are best accounted for by improvements in inhibitory control, during adolescence this is predicted by an increased ability to flexibly integrate contextual information and adapt decisions and behavior accordingly. Taking into account distinct neurocognitive mechanisms and aspects of cognitive control for specific developmental periods is the beginning for integrating the neuroscience of decision-making and education.