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Journal Article

Structural and magnetic properties of FeMnx chains (x=1–6) supported on Cu2N / Cu (100)


Loth,  Sebastian
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research;
Dynamics of Nanoelectronic Systems, Independent Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;

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Choi, D.-J., Robles, R., Gauyacq, J.-P., Ternes, M., Loth, S., & Lorente, N. (2016). Structural and magnetic properties of FeMnx chains (x=1–6) supported on Cu2N / Cu (100). Physical Review B, 94(8): 085406. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.085406.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-F017-A
Heterogeneous atomic magnetic chains are built by atom manipulation on a Cu2N/Cu (100) substrate. Their magnetic properties are studied and rationalized by a combined scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and density functional theory (DFT) work completed by model Hamiltonian studies. The chains are built using Fe and Mn atoms ontop of the Cu atoms along the N rows of the Cu2N surface. Here, we present results for FeMnx chains (x=1–6) emphasizing the evolution of the geometrical, electronic, and magnetic properties with chain size. By fitting our results to a Heisenberg Hamiltonian we have studied the exchange-coupling matrix elements J for different chains. For the shorter chains, x ≤ 2, we have included spin-orbit effects in the DFT calculations, extracting the magnetic anisotropy energy. Our results are also fitted to a simple anisotropic spin Hamiltonian and we have extracted values for the longitudinal-anisotropy D and transversal-anisotropy E constants. These parameters together with the values for J allow us to compute the magnetic excitation energies of the system and to compare them with the experimental data.