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Supports and modified nano-particles for designing model catalysts

MPS-Authors
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Dostert,  Karl-Heinz
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Stiehler,  Christian
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Calaza,  Florencia
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schauermann,  Swetlana
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;
Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel;

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Shaikhutdinov,  Shamil K.
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Freund,  Hans-Joachim
Chemical Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

O'Brien, C. P., Dostert, K.-H., Hollerer, M., Stiehler, C., Calaza, F., Schauermann, S., et al. (2016). Supports and modified nano-particles for designing model catalysts. Faraday Discussions, 188, 309-321. doi:10.1039/c5fd00143a.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-FB36-E
Abstract
In order to design catalytic materials, we need to understand the essential causes for material properties resulting from its composite nature. In this paper we discuss two, at first sight, diverse aspects: (a) the effect of the oxide–metal interface on metal nanoparticle properties and (b) the consequences of metal particle modification after activation on the selectivity of hydrogenation reactions. However, these two aspects are intimately linked. The metal nanoparticle’s electronic structure changes at the interface as a catalyst is brought to different reaction temperatures due to morphological modifications in the metal and, as we will discuss, these changes in the chemistry lead to changes in the reaction path. As the morphology of the particle varies, facets of different orientations and sizes are exposed, which may lead to a change in the surface chemistry as well. We use two specific reactions to address these issues in some detail. To the best of our knowledge, the present paper reports the first observations of this kind for well-defined model systems. The changes in the electronic structure of Au nanoparticles due to their size and interaction with a supporting oxide are revealed as a function of temperature using CO2 activation as a probe. The presence of spectator species (oxopropyl), formed during an activation step of acrolein hydrogenation, strongly controls the selectivity of the reaction towards hydrogenation of the unsaturated C=O bond vs. the C=C bond on Pd(111) when compared with oxide-supported Pd nanoparticles.