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Rapid Eccentricity Oscillations and the Mergers of Compact Objects in Hierarchical Triples

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Amaro-Seoane,  Pau
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Antognini, J. M., Shappee, B. J., Thompson, T. A., & Amaro-Seoane, P. (2014). Rapid Eccentricity Oscillations and the Mergers of Compact Objects in Hierarchical Triples. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 439, 1079-1091. doi:10.1093/mnras/stu039.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-0070-3
Abstract
Kozai-Lidov (KL) oscillations can accelerate compact object mergers via gravitational wave (GW) radiation by driving the inner binaries of hierarchical triples to high eccentricities. We perform direct three-body integrations of high mass ratio compact object triple systems using Fewbody including post-Newtonian terms. We find that the inner binary undergoes rapid eccentricity oscillations (REOs) on the timescale of the outer orbital period which drive it to higher eccentricities than secular theory would otherwise predict, resulting in substantially reduced merger times. For a uniform distribution of tertiary eccentricity ($e_2$), ~40% of systems merge within ~1-2 eccentric KL timescales whereas secular theory predicts that only ~20% of such systems merge that rapidly. This discrepancy becomes especially pronounced at low $e_2$, with secular theory overpredicting the merger time by many orders of magnitude. We show that a non-negligible fraction of systems have eccentricity > 0.8 when they merge, in contrast to predictions from secular theory. Our results are applicable to high mass ratio triple systems containing black holes or neutron stars. In objects in which tidal effects are important, such as white dwarfs, stars, and planets, REOs can reduce the tidal circularization timescale by an order of magnitude and bring the components of the inner binary into closer orbits than would be possible in the secular approximation.