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Inverse problems with Poisson data: Statistical regularization theory, applications and algorithms.

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Werner,  F.
Research Group of Statistical Inverse-Problems in Biophysics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Hohage, T., & Werner, F. (2016). Inverse problems with Poisson data: Statistical regularization theory, applications and algorithms. Inverse Problems, 32(9): 093001. doi:10.1088/0266-5611/32/9/093001.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-0783-E
Abstract
Inverse problems with Poisson data arise in many photonic imaging modalities in medicine, engineering and astronomy. The design of regularization methods and estimators for such problems has been studied intensively over the last two decades. In this review we give an overview of statistical regularization theory for such problems, the most important applications, and the most widely used algorithms. The focus is on variational regularization methods in the form of penalized maximum likelihood estimators, which can be analyzed in a general setup. Complementing a number of recent convergence rate results we will establish consistency results. Moreover, we discuss estimators based on a wavelet-vaguelette decomposition of the (necessarily linear) forward operator. As most prominent applications we briefly introduce Positron emission tomography, inverse problems in fluorescence microscopy, and phase retrieval problems. The computation of a penalized maximum likelihood estimator involves the solution of a (typically convex) minimization problem. We also review several efficient algorithms which have been proposed for such problems over the last five years.