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TS-EUROTRAIN: A European-wide investigation and training network on the etiology and pathophysiology of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome

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Kanaan,  Ahmad S.
Department of Psychiatry, Social psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School MHH, Germany;
Methods and Development Unit Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Möller,  Harald E.
Methods and Development Unit Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Forde, N. J., Kanaan, A. S., Widomska, J., Padmanabhuni, S. S., Nespoli, E., Alexander, J., et al. (2016). TS-EUROTRAIN: A European-wide investigation and training network on the etiology and pathophysiology of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10: 384. doi:10.3389/fnins.2016.00384.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-1B3F-7
Abstract
Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS) is characterised by the presence of multiple motor and phonic tics with a fluctuating course of intensity, frequency and severity. Up to 90% of patients with GTS present with comorbid conditions, most commonly attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), thus providing an excellent model for the exploration of shared aetiology across disorders. TS-EUROTRAIN (FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN, Grant Agr.No.316978) is a Marie Curie Initial Training Network (http://ts-eurotrain.eu) that aims to elucidate the complex aetiology of the onset and clinical course of GTS, investigate the neurobiological underpinnings of GTS and related disorders, translate research findings into clinical applications and establish a pan-European infrastructure for the study of GTS. This includes the challenges of (i) assembling a large genetic database for the evaluation of the genetic architecture with high statistical power; (ii) exploring the role of gene-environment interactions including the effects of epigenetic phenomena; (iii) employing endophenotype-based approaches to understand the shared aetiology between GTS, OCD and ADHD; (iv) establishing a developmental animal model for GTS; (v) gaining new insights into the neurobiological mechanisms of GTS via cross-sectional and longitudinal neuroimaging studies; and (vi) partaking in outreach activities including the dissemination of scientific knowledge about GTS to the public. Fifteen partners from academia and industry and twelve PhD candidates pursue the project. Our ultimate aims are to elucidate the complex aetiology and neurobiological underpinnings of GTS, translate research findings into clinical applications and establish Pan-European infrastructure for the study of GTS and associated disorders.