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Multimodal correlative investigation of the interplaying micro-architecture, chemical composition and mechanical properties of human cortical bone tissue reveals predominant role of fibrillar organization in determining microelastic tissue properties

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Schütz,  Roman
Biomaterialien, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Schrof, S., Varga, P., Hesse, B., Schöne, M., Schütz, R., Masic, A., et al. (2016). Multimodal correlative investigation of the interplaying micro-architecture, chemical composition and mechanical properties of human cortical bone tissue reveals predominant role of fibrillar organization in determining microelastic tissue properties. Acta Biomaterialia, 44, 51-64. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2016.08.001.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-213F-B
Abstract
The mechanical competence of bone is crucially determined by its material composition and structural design. To investigate the interaction of the complex hierarchical architecture, the chemical composition and the resulting elastic properties of healthy femoral bone at the level of single bone lamellae and entire structural units, we combined polarized Raman spectroscopy (PRS), scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM) and synchrotron X-ray phase contrast nano tomography (SR-nanoCT). In line with earlier studies, mutual correlation analysis strongly suggested that the characteristic elastic modulations of bone lamellae within single units are the result of the twisting fibrillar orientation, rather than compositional variations, modulations of the mineral particle maturity, or mass density deviations. Furthermore, we show that predominant fibril orientations in entire tissue units can be rapidly assessed from Raman parameter maps. In all investigated tissue domains coexisting oscillating and twisted fibril patterns were observed. Ultimately, our findings demonstrate in particular the potential of combined PRS and SAM measurements in providing multi-scalar analysis of correlated fundamental tissue properties. The presented approach can be applied for non-destructive investigation of small pathologic samples from bone biopsies and of a broad range of biological materials and tissues.